ANNOTATED LIST OF OHIO HISTORY WEBSITES
Ohio Historical Society, Columbus
This is the most important location for the research and study of Ohio history. This site describes all major places of historical interest in Ohio, and includes numerous searchable databases of public and private records, newspapers, photographs, and manuscripts. The complete text of the Society's scholarly journal, Ohio History, going back to 1887, is now available online.
This site brings together a collection of primary sources for Ohio history - documents, photographs, maps, recordings, first-person accounts - held by different archives and libraries throughout the state. It is modeled on the highly-acclaimed American Memory site of the Library of Congress.
This is primarily a gateway site with numerous links to other web sites on all aspects of Ohio history.
Faculty and students at Ohio State maintain several excellent web sites related to Ohio history, including temperance and prohibition movements, woman suffrage, and business and labor history.
Brief sketches of leading citizens of the state, past and present, including those active in politics, business, sports, and entertainment.
Information on Ohio past and present as the state prepares to celebrate its bicentennial in 2003.
A site mostly devoted to local (county-level) history and genealogical research. Links to web sites maintained by various amateur historians and researchers.
Maps and Photographs
Several large online collections of historic maps include numerous maps of Ohio and its cities. The American Memory site of the Library of Congress includes: General Map Collection, 1500-1999; Panoramic Maps, 1847-1929, which allow incredibly detailed access to street-level buildings and landmarks in American cities; Panoramic Photographs, 1851-1991; and Railroad Maps, 1828-1900. Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps of Ohio cities, 1867-1870 are on the OCLC-Ohio Link web site.
This site is maintained by the Special Collections department of the Cleveland State University Library. It offers an encyclopedic survey of topics on Cleveland and the surrounding region, and is especially strong on politics, business and labor, and ethnic communities. Includes an online version of The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History (1987). Numerous links to related sites.
Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland
Website of a major regional historical society devoted to the history of Cleveland and northeast Ohio. Includes online museum exhibits and searchable databases. This organization also operates Hale Farm in Bath, Ohio, a living history museum of rural life in the early 19th century.
This site, developed by historians at the University of Toledo, focuses on the social and economic development of this major industrial city from 1890 to 1950.
This major collection of historical material, the oldest in the state, is now housed in the restored Union Terminal museum complex in Cincinnati. Online access to the library catalog.
This project of the Greater Cincinnati Library Consortium has digitized nearly 6,000 pre-1940 photos, postcards, and slides illustrating the history of Cincinnati and surrounding communities.
An online tour of the historic "Over-the-Rhine" district, once the center of German immigrant life in Ohio's first "big city."
This site includes information and samples of material from the National Cash Register (NCR) Company archives recently acquired by the society. Extensive information on the history of Dayton neighborhoods.
This site is the work of Dr. Marjorie McLellan, a leading scholar in oral and public history, and her students. It began at Miami University Middletown and is now located at Wright State University in Dayton. A good site both for oral history interviews of Miami Valley citizens and for information on the craft of oral history.
Dr. Marjorie McLellan now directs this graduate degree program in the Wright State history department. This site is an excellent source of information on historical museums, exhibits, symposia and other events relating to Dayton and Miami Valley history.
Includes contributions by both professional and amateur historians. Interesting accounts of life and folklore in coal mining towns of southeastern Ohio. Eye-catching graphics!
This site includes numerous links to information about the prehistoric Indian era in Ohio, including the Paleo-Indian, Archaic, Adena, Hopewell, and Fort Ancient-Mississippian periods.
This site explores the remains of an 800-year old Fort Ancient Indian village near the Great Miami River. The reconstruction of the village is an ongoing project of the Dayton Museum of Natural History (Boonshoft Museum of Discovery).
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, Chillicothe
A site maintained by the National Park Service. Information on Hopewell mounds and earthworks, material culture, and links to other sites.
This site describes the current research of Ohio state archeologist Dr. Bradley Lepper into the extraordinary accomplishments of the Hopewell people.
This site describes itself as the "official web site of Ohio's only Revolutionary War fort," and is maintained by the Friends of Fort Laurens Foundation. The fort was occupied in 1778-79 and located on the Tuscarawas River near modern Bolivar, Ohio.
Fallen Timbers Battlefield, Maumee
A site maintained by faculty and students of Heidelberg College, Tiffin, Ohio. It includes information on the history of the battle between forces led by General Anthony Wayne and various Indian tribes at this location in August 1794, which broke Indian resistance to the settlement of Ohio in the 1790s. It also details the recent struggle to preserve this site from commercial development.
The Words of Tecumseh, the Shawnee Warrior
This site includes the text and an audio recording of two speeches, one by Tecumseh and the other by his brother Tenskwatawa ("the Prophet").
Two major canals, the Ohio and Erie and the Ohio and Miami, were built across the state in the 1820s and 1830s. This site gives an overview of the building of canals, their social and economic impact, and efforts to preserve remnants of these canals as historical parks. Includes links to other sources of information on the Ohio canals.
This site is maintained by the Ohio Underground Railroad Association-Friends of Freedom Society. It describes current research and educational projects from around the state and has numerous links to other underground railroad web sites of interest.
The official website of the city of Springboro includes a lengthy history of this Quaker-founded town in southwestern Ohio between Dayton and Cincinnati and its substantial involvement in the underground railroad. Click on "History of Springboro" in the menu on the home page.
This site, maintained by an English professor at the University of Virginia, presents this famous work of American fiction in its historical and literary context. It includes numerous 19th-century articles, essays, and reviews that reveal the setting in which Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote her novel, and how it was received by the critics. There are several documents relating to the slavery controversy in Cincinnati and at Lane Seminary in the 1830s.
Ohio-born officers, soldiers, and politicians figure prominently in the history of the Union cause. This is an excellent site that provides information on Ohioans in the war and also serves as a gateway to Civil War resources on the Web.
An interesting site maintained by the Department of American Studies at Bowling Green State University. Includes chronologies, summaries, photographs, and links to other sites, with a focus on the town of Bowling Green.
American Memory Project, Library of Congress
Several of the specific collections of this magnificent site document aspects of twentieth-century life in the Buckeye state. For photographs and descriptions of numerous structures of historical and cultural interest, consult the Historic American Buildings Survey - Historic American Engineering Record. Other building photographs from the period 1900-1920 are in the Turn-of-the Century Photographs collection of the Detroit Publishing Company. Interviews with ex-slaves living in Ohio in the 1930s are found in the Federal Writers Project. The photograph collection of the Farm Security Administration includes numerous scenes of Ohio people and places of the 1930s.
Family Farm Project, Kenyon College
This distinctive, award-winning site is the work of faculty and students of Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio. It documents the social and economic forces that have impacted agriculture and rural communities in twentieth-century Ohio, using Knox County as the base of its field research.
An online gallery of a major exhibition that opened in 2000 at the Ohio Historical Society Museum in Columbus. Part of the the Ohio Historical Society website.
A site devoted to the study and understanding of the tragic shooting deaths of four students by National Guardsmen in the wake of anti-Vietnam War protests. Includes material on student activism in the 1960s, investigations of the incident, civil litigation, and legal settlements during the 1970s, and the ways that the event has been recognized and remembered over the past 30 years.
In 1997 the Ohio Supreme Court ruled that the current method of funding Ohio schools was unconstitutional on grounds of inequity and inadequacy. Since then the state legislature has struggled to devise a new formula acceptable to all parties concerned. This site is maintained by the Ohio Coalition for Equity and Adequacy of School Funding, the group that brought the lawsuit against the state. It includes a link to the full text of the court decision, and also later follow-up rulings.
This outstanding site was developed by the Ohio Historical Society and is now part of the American Memory, Library of Congress, site. The collection includes full text of letters, articles, pamphlets, and books; WPA interviews with ex-slaves (some not included in the WPA American Memory site); and numerous photographs. Excellent indexes and searching capabilities.
This is an eclectic site, mainly focused on African-American history and culture, maintained by Bennie J. McRae, Jr. of Dayton, Ohio. It serves as a gateway to a wide range of websites, many of them relevant to the history of African-Americans in Ohio.
This site reveals a rich cultural and historical legacy that has often been overlooked in modern historical accounts. Numerous full-text documents, images, and audio files.
Index to Women's History - OPLIN
This is a gateway site maintained by the Ohio Public Library Information Network. Links to over a dozen specific sites. Strong on biographical information and the suffrage movement.
This portal to Akron's rich past offers a view of the lives of women who contributed to the Akron community, through personal biographies and photographs. Women from the antebellum period to the present day are featured on this site.
First Ladies' Library, Canton
This museum devoted to the study of the wives of all of the presidents recently opened in Canton, Ohio, hometown of William and Ida Saxton McKinley. (Website may not be currently available.)
Faculty and students at Oberlin College have developed this site as a learning and teaching tool to show how the history of Oberlin, town and college, has impacted American society and culture in numerous ways. Especially useful for revivalism, antislavery, feminism, temperance, and civil rights.
Useful site for the study of the various Shaker communities in 19th-century Ohio.
A very well-organized and informative site. Text and images tell the story of parishes, religious orders, and schools and colleges.
A small but useful site on the history of Methodists in Ohio, with links to other sites.
This archives is located in Cincinnati, on the campus of Hebrew Union College. While not specifically devoted to Ohio Jewish history, the site does include information on the history of Jews in Cincinnati.
The Anti-Saloon League, which led the successful fight to add a Prohibition amendment to the U.S. Constitution, was headquartered in Westerville, Ohio, near Columbus. The Westerville Public Library has developed this very extensive site, one of the most important for researchers in the history of alcohol and temperance.
Center for Working Class Studies, Youngstown State University
Website of a unique research center located in America's historic industrial heartland. This serves as a gateway site to extensive Internet resources on all aspects of labor studies. There is also a good deal of information on labor history in Youngstown and the Mahoning Valley steel district, including oral history interviews with workers.
This Toledo, Ohio company deposited its historical records with the University of Toledo Special Collections Library. The library staff has used this material to develop this informative and visually interesting site. Very strong on the lives and experiences of the plant's workers over several decades.
Ohio University Library, Special Collections, developed this site from its holdings as an entry in competition to be included in the Library of Congress American Memory project. It was not selected, but the materials can still be accessed from Ohio University's website. Informative texts and striking photographs of coal mining company towns in southeastern Ohio in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Good for information on the major 1884 strike in the region and the early history of the United Mine Workers of America.
In 1967 Baldemar Velasquez founded the Farm Labor Organizing Committee in northwest Ohio to represent the interests of a predominantly Hispanic agricultural workforce in the region. They have expanded to other Midwestern and Southern states with similar labor-management issues.
There are several good sites that deal with aspects of this important industry in Ohio's business history. The Standard Oil Company, founded in Cleveland by John D. Rockefeller, typified the rise of monopolistic big business in the late 19th century. A good website on Rockefeller and Standard Oil is the companion site to the PBS "American Experience" program , "The Rockefellers." There is also an online full text version of journalist Ida Tarbell's 1904 muckraking classic, The History of the Standard Oil Company. Another site surveys the early history of a smaller, Cleveland-based firm, the National Refining Company.
A web project of the Ohio State University department of history, this is a good introduction to one of the Ohio firms that came to dominate the tire and rubber industry for most of the 20th century.
A good site for a variety of industrial companies in Toledo.
This museum of medical history at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland is one of the leading such facilities in the United States. Many of the online exhibits and print sources relate to the development of medicine in Cleveland.
The Wright Brothers and the Invention of Flight
Interest in the Wrights and their work in aviation is building as the centennial of powered flight approaches in 2003. A good Wright gateway and hypertext site has been developed by Gary Bradshaw. The Henry Ford Museum and Greenfield Village in Dearborn, Michigan owns the original Wright Brothers bicycle shop and has a good site related to that phase of their life. A collection of photos from the Library of Congress illustrates the early experiments and flights at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The "Wright Brothers Aeroplane Company" is a virtual museum of early Wright flyers, good for the technical side of things. The Wright State University Library holds an extensive collection of Wright family papers.
Carillon Historical Park, Dayton
This historical park emphasizes the development of transportation and technology in general, with special attention to Dayton inventors and companies.
Seven (or possibly eight, depending on how one counts) presidents have come from Ohio. There are many ways to learn more about each of them on the Internet. One good starting point is the "Presidents of the United States" (POTUS) site developed by the Internet Public Library at the University of Michigan School of Information. These include basic information but primarily serve as gateways to other sources of information on the Web. Check POTUS for information on: William Henry Harrison, Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, William Howard Taft, and Warren G. Harding.
Some of these presidents are remembered at specific museums, libraries, or birthplaces in Ohio. These include:
James A. Garfield Home, Mentor
William Howard Taft National Historic Site, Cincinnati
Canton, Ohio is the site of the recently established First Ladies' Library, which chronicles the lives of the wives of all the presidents. (Website may not be currently available.)