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CLT 2110 Urine & Body Fluid Analysis/Immunology/Serology

The course will provide instruction on the structure and function of the kidney, renal pathology and the principles, sources of error and interpretation of test results in urinalysis. Principles of CSF and serous fluid analysis are covered. This course is also an introduction to the principles of immunology, covering the broad areas of the body's defense mechanisms, the nature of the mammalian immune system and the immune response, and discusses immunological disease states of auto-immunity, tumor immunology, transplant immunology, immunodeficiency, and the theory behind immunoassays used in the laboratory environment. One classroom, two lab hours per week.

Division: Health Sciences
Department: Clinical Laboratory Technology
Repeatable Credit: No
Offered Online: Yes

Prereqs: CLT 1200 and BIO 1222 or BIO 1242 AND Restricted to Majors 


  • Describe renal anatomy, physiology, and urine formation.
  • Describe body fluid composition, collection, cell count, and crystal identification.
  • Describe clonal selection, types and functions of white blood cells, T and B lymphocytes and their recirculation via the lymphatic system.
  • Explain the chemical parameters on the dipsticks including: urinary PH, protein, glucose, ketone, nitrite, and leukocyte esterase.
  • Identify variables effecting the test results, and correlation of test results with clinical findings and significance.

Credit Hours: 2

Classroom Hours: 1
Lab Hours: 2